Gross Motor Exercises

In The Classroom

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gross motor exercises that can be done in the classroomSimple Gross Motor Exercises That Can Be Done In The Classroom!

There have been quite a few research papers and media articles on the effects of gross motor exercises on kids' performance in the classroom.

Generally, most of these show that kids concentrate better after some form of physical activity, and there have also been reported improvements in math, language and memory.

Check out the links at the end of this page to read more about the studies.

Savvy teachers have been incorporating general gross motor exercises such as running on the spot and jumping jacks, or even just stretching exercises as quick breaks between lessons to boost kids’ concentration.

However, I would like to go one step further and suggest classroom exercises that have a more focused effect, and are aimed at increasing specific skills.

What Kind Of Movement Is Best?

A recent series of articles in the Washington Post highlighted the experience and recommendations of an occupational therapist who sat in on a regular classroom.

She pointed out that merely taking a quick break to run on the spot or stretch is beneficial to a point, but the best exercises are the ones that give what we OT's call vestibular stimulation – in other words they stimulate the hair cells of the vestibular system in the inner ear.

It can be hard to understand, but this system helps the child develop the skills they need in other areas such as coordination and balance skills, calming down, becoming more organized and becoming more focused.

Read any of the sensory processing books that I have reviewed to help understand this in more depth.

So we don’t just want the body to jiggle and stretch a bit, we want the head to move! We need to give kids exercises that offer vestibular stimulation!

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Vestibular Exercises

How do we do this in the classroom? Not easy when space is limited, but here are a few ideas that you could incorporate!

Important! Some children are over-sensitive to vestibular stimulation, even during simple activities like these. If a child becomes fearful, nauseous, pale or sweaty during these activities, please stop immediately and consult your health professional!

 1) Picking Up... and Up... and Up!

Picking Up Stationery

Have the kids place 10 pencils (or other stationery) on the floor, and then have them bend to pick up one item at a time  and then place it on their desks again.

The repetitive up and down bending moves the head upside down and then right-side-up again and gives some good vestibular stimulation.

Get the most out of the activity by having the kids bend and rise while you clap a rhythm.

 2) Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes!

Do the “heads, shoulders, knees and toes” song – another exercise that gets kids’ heads going up and down as they carry out the actions of the song, and it is done on the spot, so it is great for classes with limited space!

 3) Spin Jumps!

Point out a picture/focal object on each wall of the classroom (eg the clock, the birthday chart, a window) and ask the kids to spin jump on the spot to face the item you call out.

Change the direction of the spin from left to right and try 180 degree turns as well as 90 degrees.

4) Recess Activities


As a homeschooling mom, I send my kids out into our garden for regular trampoline jumps and swinging (20 jumps, or 20 high swings) and I also do the head and shoulders song to “wake them up” between lessons or when I see they are losing focus.

You can also encourage them to spin on roundabouts, roll down hills and twirl during recess and gym class for additional vestibular stimulation.

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Free Gross Motor Exercises (PDFs)

These free downloads contain further simple exercises that work on core stability, shoulder girdle stability, bilateral coordination, hand-eye coordination and crossing the midline.

These skills are essential bases for fine motor development and ultimately handwriting.

Most of them use no additional equipment, while some beanbags or balls will be handy for the others. If you don’t have access to beanbags or balls, use wadded up socks or some rags tied together.

Just click on the links to download these exercises immediately. You will need Adobe Reader or equivalent to open these PDF documents.

Feel free to share by linking to this page, not to the actual documents, please!

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Helpful Articles

I hope you found this article helpful!

Contact me if you have any good ideas about exercises in the classroom and I can add them to this page!

Thanks for visiting!

› Gross Motor Exercises in the Classroom

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