The pencil grasp (or grip) describes the way a child holds the crayon or pencil. When handwriting is poor, the child’s grip on the pencil is one of the first things that is observed.
However, a mature and efficient grasp of the pencil will only develop if your child's other fine motor skills have developed properly.
A correct pencil grip is one which is efficient and enables your child to write neatly and at a reasonable speed without tiring. The tripod fingers (thumb, middle and index fingers) work together to control the pencil and write neatly.
Your child needs to move through various stages of pencil grasp development before a mature 3-finger pencil grip will develop. It is unwise to encourage your toddler or young child to hold a crayon with 3 fingers before he or she is developmentally mature enough to do so.
Children will resort to all kinds of weird and not-so-wonderful poor pencil grips when their fine motor skills have not developed properly
Pencil-and-Paper tasks such as drawing and coloring are NOT the best way to encourage a good pencil grip. Rather encourage your child to do a variety of hand exercises and finger exercises to develop the muscles of the hand. Scissor Cutting is also a good way to strengthen the tripod fingers for future pencil control.
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