Visual Discrimination Activities

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Visual discrimination helps a child to see subtle differences between objects or pictures and to see if something matches up. This visual perceptual skill can be described as “paying attention to detail”.

How Does Poor Visual Discrimination
Affect Kids?

Younger children with poor skills may struggle to

  • match clothing, socks, or cutlery, especially when the differences are subtle
  • see the difference between similar objects (eg coins, especially foreign coins which are similar to local currency)

A school-going child with poor skills may struggle to

  • see differences between similar looking letters and words (eg b / d,    b / p,    5 / S,    won’t / want,    car / cat)
  • complete spot-the-difference type activities
  • read maps

Try these activities and games to help your child develop this essential visual perceptual skill. Click on the quick links below to view instructions and photos for each game.

These visual perception activities are intended to encourage your child's normal visual perceptual development.
If you suspect your child has visual perceptual delays, please seek a professional opinion.

Preschool Sorting & Matching Games

Your preschool child can sort household objects such as cutlery, or get involved in matching socks!

You can also go on a nature walk and collect seeds, leaves and so on, and have your child sort them into groups of similar / identical items.

Sorting Socks
Sorting Nature Objects

Ask your child to sort shapes and colors, or mix up a few handfuls of different shaped pasta and ask your little one to sort them into an egg carton or muffin tray.

Sort Shapes and Colors
Sorting Pasta

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Paying Attention to Detail

Teaching your child to pay attention to detail is an important step in developing good visual discrimination skills.

   1) Straight Edge Puzzles

These 3 and 4 piece puzzles are different to conventional puzzles in that the cards have straight edges, and the pieces are mixed up with other pieces.

Your child then has to pay careful attention to the color and lines of the picture in order to correctly build the animal.

   2) Lotto Games and Graphing Games

Lotto-Type Games encourage your child to pay active attention to spot the small differences between the playing cards.
You don't even have to play it as "Lotto" - just present your child with the different cards as shown, and ask him/her to match them up.

Graphing Games require the child to look at the object and then place it in the correct position on the “graph” according to the color and contents of the picture.

I was unable to find a similar product to mine to recommend online, but this e-book of reproducible Graphing Games sheets is fantastic.

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Matching Identical Objects/Pictures

  1) Matching Cards

Use a set of matching cards. Place a few picture cards on the table (one of each pair).

Then hand your child one or the remaining cards and ask him/her to find the matching card from the pool on the table.

Increase the figure-ground demand of this activity by increasing the number of cards on the table.

2) Shadow Match / Outline Match

Sometimes you can find shadow match cards like the ones shown below.

Or you can purchase this inexpensive visual perceptual e-book that contains shadow bingo printouts like the ones shown below.

Look out for sheets in your child's shop-bought activity books that require your child to pay attention in order to match identical outlines.

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Useful Resources

These are some useful resources that I have used with my own kids and in therapy settings.

Worksheets and Printables

Although I prefer hands-on activities, there is sometimes a place for worksheets and paper-and-pencil activities.

My favorite printables to develop discrimination skills are these ones below, which are particularly helpful if your child is in preschool or older:

Therapy Products

PFOT stock a range of great visual discrimination games and activities. I have picked out a few that are very similar to the ones I have used in South Africa. View them over at PFOT!

I link to some products on Amazon and PFOT for your convenience. These are affiliate links and I receive a small commission if you purchase a product through my links. However, you are under no obligation to purchase anything!

I trust you found this page helpful! Thank you for visiting my site!

Please visit my figure-ground perception page for more ideas that could help with  discrimination skills.

Or read more about the importance of  Visual Perceptual Skills.

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