Switching hands is often seen in young children, who may often swap hands while painting, coloring, or eating with a fork/spoon.
It is not usually a concern when a toddler or young child swaps hands, as they are still learning how to use their hands well together, and trying out what feels right for them.
However, if your child is still switching hands when entering formal schooling, this may affect important school skills, such as cutting out with scissors and developing handwriting skills. In order for your child to do well at learning to write, there has to be a dominant, strong hand that becomes specialised at doing the job of controlling the pencil.
This page looks at some practical ways that parents can help their child develop a strong, specialised hand for handwriting. (Background information and research are covered in my related pages.)
These suggestions are intended to encourage your child's normal handedness development.
If you suspect your child has hand dominance delays, please seek a professional opinion.
Learning to use both hands together in a coordinated way is actually an important first step in developing a specialized, or dominant, hand.
There are three different aspects to bilateral coordination.
Your child needs to be able to:
Remember, as well as wanting a strong, dominant hand to emerge, we also want the “other” hand to become a good “assistant”.
When your child has not yet established a specialized hand and an assistant hand, you may find that your child is switching hands during activities or between activities.
Try these bilateral coordination activities to help your child develop this important skill.
Children who have weak hand muscles, or poor fine motor skills, often get tired and swap hands during fine motor activities.
If your child often shakes out a tired hand, complains about an activity taking too long, and swaps between hands during an activity to give each hand a break, then he/she may need some help with fine motor skills.
You can help your child strengthen their dominant hand with lots of scissor cutting activities, and hand strengthening exercises.
Activities such as such as playdough, paper crumpling, playing with lego etc. can give both hands a chance to get stronger.
If your child does not yet start with the same hand regularly, and you are unsure of which hand is actually the preferred hand, then encourage fine motor activities that use both hands equally.
Always present activities in the center of your child’s body (midline) so he/she can reach for them with either hand.
Working on shoulder girdle stability and core muscles may also help to improve your child’s overall endurance of fine motor activities.
For convenience, try my Fine Motor E-book packed full of easy fine motor activities to do at home!
If this is the case, then there may be some delays in crossing the midline.
If your child avoids crossing the midline, you may notice that the left hand gets used when the tools are given on the left side of the body, and the right hand when the tools are given on the right side of the body.
If your child is doing this, then both hands will tend to get equal practice at developing skills, and your child’s true handedness may be apparently delayed.
Always try and put pencil, paper, scissors in the center in front of your child to see which hand is naturally used.
Try some fun activities for crossing the midline to help your child develop midline crossing skills.
Switching hands is common in young children, but children who are about to enter formal schooling need to be working on establishing a preferred hand.
Occupational Therapist Katherine Collmer gives some activities and tips that may be helpful in determining and promoting the use of a dominant hand in young children.
If you and/or your child’s teacher are concerned about your child’s switching hands, and it is interfering with the development of skills that they need for school and self care, then please make an appointment with a pediatric occupational therapist.
Please never choose a hand for your child. This can have horrible long term consequences, and I speak from experience from working with children who were forced into a specific handedness.
An occupational therapist can help to get to the bottom of your child’s particular difficulties (remember, every child is different!) and will develop a treatment routine specifically for your child.
These pages contain additional information as well as recent research around this topic.
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