I often recommend an assessment by a behavioral optometrist for children who are struggling with reading,
writing, visual perceptual or hand-eye coordination difficulties. If your child has been referred to a behavioral or functional optometrist, this article may help you understand the importance of the referral.
Because Vision is so much more
than 20/20 Eyesight!
Those “eye tests” that your child undergoes at school are very basic screenings that check eyesight across a room by reading a chart of letters.
However, this only picks up basic 20/20 eyesight problems, and the child who struggles with 20/20 eyesight is usually referred to a conventional optometrist, for further acuity testing and the eventual prescription of glasses.
The school screenings do NOT identify children who have vision problems!
As this quote from Pave Vision points out “It is important to be tested for both “eyesight” and “vision,” since HOW you use your vision is sometimes more important than how CLEARLY you see.”
In order to read well, copy work from the board or take part in sports, your eyes need to work well together in order to send the correct information to your brain.
The ability of the eyes to work well together is known as functional visual skills.
Children with poor functional visual skills may struggle to copy work from the board because their eyes struggle to change focus from the nearby paper to the board which is further away.
When the eyes don't move smoothly together, the child may struggle to track the line of words on the page, so they keep losing their place when reading.
When playing sports, kids with poor functional visual skills may struggle because their eyes can’t hold their focus on a moving object, such as a ball moving towards them.
If your child's eyes are not working well together, these are a few of the signs that you may see in your child while he or she is carrying out school tasks:
The vision problems above can be identified and treated by a behavioral / developmental / pediatric optometrist (different names for the same professional!).
Sometimes called vision therapy, or visual therapy, it is customized to your child's needs and can include the use of balance boards, metronomes, computerized visual activities and much more.
The treatment often includes home programs to be carried out by the parents in addition to in-room treatment at the behavioral optometrist’s practice.
Let me be very clear that vision therapy is not a cure for learning disabilities.
However, helping your child develop efficient visual skills is just as important as working on fine motor, gross motor and coordination skills, all of which would help your child gain mastery in specific areas of school life.
Just as you would want to strengthen weak hand muscles and work on your child's core stability to give your child a better chance in the classroom, you would also want to strengthen functional eye skills if they are weak.
Children who struggle with basic eye functioning often tire easily in class, which can be incorrectly labelled as ADHD. They tend to fall behind in their work, and don’t perform at their potential in reading and writing tasks.
If this sounds like your child, check out these helpful resources and see if your child would benefit from seeing one of these specialized optometrists.
(these links go out to other websites which are useful)
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